Natural Resources and Society (NRS)

NRS 125 Introduction to Conservation and Natural Resources

3 credits
Gen Ed: Social Science
Foundations of natural resource management and agencies with responsibility for land management; philosophical, theoretical, and historical basis for protected areas; principles and frameworks for managing human use of and recreation on public lands.

NRS 200 (s) Seminar

Credit arranged.

NRS 203 (s) Workshop

Credit arranged.

NRS 204 (s) Special Topics

Credit arranged.

NRS 235 Society and Natural Resources

3 credits
Gen Ed: Social Science
Cross-listed with FOR 235.
An exploration of how people use, value, manage, impact, and are affected by natural resources; course emphasizes social and economic realities and political and legal processes in a context of current and historical natural resource issues. Two lectures and one 1-hr small discussion group meeting a week.

NRS 250 Environmental Problem Solving

3 credits
Integrated problem solving through simulations of environmental protection challenges and issues. Utilizing team-building approaches students identify environmental problems, analyze data, and develop strategies for solutions.

NRS 299 (s) Directed Study

Credit arranged.

NRS 304 Consrvation Social Sciences Field Studies

3 credits
Field site evaluation of conservation social science cases. One hundred and twenty hours of instruction during a 12-day field excursion during summer session; pre- and post-visit written and oral assignments; special fee assessed. (Summer only)

NRS 310 Social Science Methods

4 credits
Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches to studying social aspects of conservation and the environment; how to choose and apply selective research methods; design, collection, and statistical analysis of primary and secondary data; program evaluation; reporting results; interpreting research literature; lab exercises in research design, data collection, and analysis; and the communication of research issues and findings to lay and professional audiences. Special fee assessed. Three lec and 2 hrs of lab a wk. Recommended Preparation: Basic computer skills. (Fall only)
Prereq: STAT 251 .

NRS 311 Public Involvement in Natural Resource Management

3 credits
Theoretical and applied concepts of public involvement in both public and private sectors of natural resource management; case studies and applied techniques or methods for public involvement; National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations and other public involvement policy or law. Field trip may be reqd. (Spring only)

NRS 364 Politics of the Environment

3 credits
Cross-listed with POLS 364
Political factors that influence formation, implementation, and impact of public policies aimed at protecting the environment.

NRS 375 Introduction to Spatial Analysis for Natural Resource Management

3 credits
Cross-listed with FOR 375.
Methods and techniques for obtaining quantitative and qualitative geospatial information from aerial and satellite images, maps, and the Global Positioning System for input into geographic information systems. Analysis of geospatial data for mapping, monitoring and planning associated with all aspects of natural resource management. Two lec and one 2-hr lab a wk.
Prereq: College Algebra.

NRS 383 Natural Resource and Ecosystem Service Economics

3 credits
The role and application of economic theories and methods in natural resource and ecosystem service decision-making. Economic tools are applied to the management of forests, fisheries, rangeland, recreation, wildlife, and other contemporary issues. (Spring only)
Prereq: FOR 235 or NRS 235; and ECON 202 or ECON 272; and MATH 143.

NRS 385 Conservation Management and Planning - I

4 credits
Theory and practice of decision-making for conservation planning and management, including protected areas, working landscapes, conservation organizations and the challenges facing natural resource managers in the 21st Century. Field trips and a collaborative group community Service-Learning project are required. (Fall only)

NRS 386 Social-Ecological Systems

3 credits
Social-ecological systems are comprised of interconnected social, economic, and environmental components. Explore social-ecological systems frameworks and fundamental principles of sustainability in social-ecological systems by examining theory and practice in case studies. Topics may include natural resource scarcity and human conflict, ecosystem service provision, management, and conservation, and land tenure, rights, and justice relating to human access to natural resources.

NRS 387 Environmental Communication Skills

3 credits
Introduction to communications skills in the context of natural resources, including environmental and cultural interpretation; communication psychology and media applied to noncaptive audiences in natural resource situations. Field trip may be required. Special fee assessed.
Prereq: Permission.

NRS 398 (s) Internship

Credit arranged.

NRS 400 (s) Seminar

Credit arranged.

NRS 401 (s) Practicum in Tutoring

1-3 credits, max 3
Tutorial services performed by advanced students under faculty supervision. Graded P/F.
Prereq: Permission.

NRS 403 (s) Workshop

Credit arranged.

NRS 404 (s) Special Topics

Credit arranged.

NRS 411 Environmental Project Management and Decision Making

4 credits
Integrated, interdisciplinary approaches to project and program management and decision making. Emphasis on environmental planning techniques, scenario development, analysis, and application of geospatial tools such as GIS and remote sensing. Direct experience and basic skills for project and program development and evaluation.
Prereq: NRS 311 .

NRS 440 Wildland Restoration Ecology

3 credits
Cross-listed with REM 440
Ecological principles and management practices involved in restoring and rehabilitating wildland ecosystems after disturbance or alteration to return damaged ecosystems to a productive and stable state. (Spring only)
Prereq: FOR 221, or REM 221, or equivalent general ecology course.

NRS 450 Global Environmental Change

3 credits
Major global environmental changes addressed using an interdisciplinary approach. Topics may include processes and principles of ecosystems, biogeochemical cycles, impacts and mitigation of climatic change, atmospheric chemistry, feedbacks between climate and various earth system processes, and trends in global biodiversity.
Prereq: MATH 143 or STAT 251.

NRS 462 Natural Resource Policy

3 credits
Cross-listed with POLS 462
Political and institutional context for making natural resource policy; emphasis on interaction between private and public sectors and the federal, state, and tribal governments, including an examination of topical issues in natural resource politics.

NRS 472 Remote Sensing of the Environment

3-4 credits
Cross-listed with FOR 472 and REM 472
Current airborne and satellite systems, data acquisition on ground and from remote locations, instrumentation, imagery interpretation and digital analysis, applications for natural resource science and management. Two 75-minute lectures and one two-hour lab per week. Recommended Preparation: MATH 143. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students.

NRS 473 ECB Senior Presentation

1 credit
Gen Ed: Senior Experience
Cross-listed with FISH 473, FOR 473, REM 473, RMAT 473, and WLF 473
Reporting and presenting the senior project (thesis or internship); taken after or concurrently with NRS 485 or NRS 497. Serves as the senior capstone course for Ecology and Conservation Biology (ECB).
Prereq: Instructor Permission.

NRS 475 Conservation Planning and Management

4 credits
Gen Ed: Senior Experience
Advanced theory, processes and techniques for the management and planning of conservation systems and working landscapes. In-depth focus on conservation planning approaches such as comprehensive, strategic, advocacy and communicative action planning; critical examination of sprawl and the alternatives for managing land use and development on natural sites and larger landscapes at the urban-rural interface. Collaborative group exercises, a community Service-Learning Project and required field trips.
Prereq: Junior or Senior standing; or Permission.

NRS 481 Conservation Leadership

3 credits
Generates essential understanding, insight, and skills into leadership of political and organizational systems designed to conserve natural resources. Field trip may be required. (Spring only)
Prereq: NRS 235, NRS 125.

NRS 482 Outdoor Leadership Expedition

3 credits
This expedition based course will explore the practice of leadership, using the wilderness experience as the classroom. Topics include trip planning, small group dynamics, decision-making, communication and expedition behavior. Examining leadership theory, modeling of leadership techniques, written assignments, and backcountry skill development are used to support learning.

NRS 483 Senior Project Presentation

1 credit
Cross-listed with FISH 483, FOR 483, REM 483, and WLF 483
Reporting and presenting the senior project (thesis or internship); taken after or concurrently with NRS 485 or NRS 497.

NRS 484 Forest Policy and Admin

2 credits
Cross-listed with FOR 484
Evaluation of land and forest problems and policies in the U.S.; analysis of current conditions and policies; historical development of governmental and private agencies concerned with the administration of forest conservation program. Recommended Preparation: FOR 235.
Prereq: Junior standing.

NRS 485 Ecology and Conservation Biology Senior Project

1-3 credits, max 3
Cross-Listed with FISH 485, FOR 485, and WLF 485
Scholarly work; learning objectives include development and formal proposal of a specific project and conducting the project or research with the guidance of a faculty mentor.

NRS 486 Public Involvement in Natural Resource Management

3 credits
Theoretical and applied concepts of public involvement in both public and private sectors of natural resource management; historical and legal mandates, government agency responsibilities, applied methods and techniques, case studies, and practical experience. Three lec and three hours of lab a week; field trip may be reqd. (Spring only)

NRS 487 Environmental Education

3 credits
Concept and techniques of environmental education with emphasis on informal education settings such as residential and day-use environmental education centers, nature centers, visitor centers. Field trip may be required. (Spring only)

NRS 490 Wilderness and Protected Area Management

3 credits
Historical and legal aspects of the wilderness and protected area concepts; conceptual and applied approaches, considering both ecological and sociological elements; recent research. (Spring, alt/yrs)

NRS 493 International Land Preservation and Conservation Systems

3 credits
Gen Ed: International
An examination of international approaches to land preservation and conservation; comparative analysis of philosophies, methods of implementation (Parks, Biosphere Reserves, RAMSAR sites, etc.), and associated issues and concerns with these social interventions; ramifications of conservation practices for biophysical and social systems. Field trip may be required. (Spring only)

NRS 496 Monitoring Impacts in Protected Areas and Wilderness

3 credits
Theoretical and applied concepts of identifying, measuring, and monitoring changes in wilderness and protected area ecosystems caused by human influences, including recreation use, management practices, and both on-site and off-site development. Field trips may be reqd. (Spring, alt/yrs)

NRS 497 Senior Thesis

2-4 credits, max 4
Independently plan and conduct a thesis project; write and defend the thesis under supervision of an advisor.
Prereq: Senior standing and minimum 3.20 GPA or Permission.

NRS 498 (s) Internship

Credit arranged.

NRS 499 (s) Directed Study

Credit arranged
For the individual student; conferences, library, field, or lab work.
Prereq: Senior standing, GPA 2.5, and Permission.

NRS 500 Master's Research and Thesis

Credit arranged.

NRS 501 (s) Seminar: Contemporary Issues in Society and Natural Resources

Credit arranged
Major philosophy, management, and research problems of wildlands; presentation of individual studies on assigned topics.
Prereq: Permission.

NRS 502 (s) Directed Study

Credit arranged.

NRS 503 (s) Workshop

Credit arranged
Selected topics in the conservation and management of natural resources.
Prereq: Permission.

NRS 504 (s) Special Topics

Credit arranged.

NRS 505 (s) Professional Development

Credit arranged
Credit earned in NRS 505 will not be accepted toward graduate degree programs.

NRS 506 Fundamentals of Research

2 credits
Research approaches, designs, and methodologies as applied in biophysical and social science natural resource professions. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students.
Prereq: Basic Statistics.

NRS 510 Applications of Communication Theory in Natural Resource Management

3 credits
Examination of communication theories and their applications in sustainable natural resource management; emphasis on social psychological approaches to understanding persuasive communication and applications in environmental interpretation and education, marketing, and sustainable development. (Alt/yrs)

NRS 552 Current Lit in Remote Sensing

1 credit, max arranged
Cross-liisted with FOR 552
Review, present, and discuss recent articles related to remote sensing of the environment. Students choose, critically review, and discuss the articles to develop critical-thinking skills, remote sensing research strategies, and confidence in their knowledge of the literature. Graded P/F.

NRS 558 Science Communication

3 credits
Examines the flow of scientific information between experts and non-experts, with emphasis on educational settings. Project-based and includes practice in digital storytelling, documentary film, blogs, podcasts, public talks, and field experiences. McCall Field Campus. (Spring Only)

NRS 559 Writing Research and Project Proposals

1 credit
Structured instruction for developing a thesis/dissertation or project proposal. Role and importance of research goals and objectives, research questions, and project purpose statements. Justifying a study or project, based on literature and theory. Effective writing techniques to describe research designs, methodological and data collection issues for different types of research and projects. How to articulate data analysis and information processing processes used in qualitative and quantitative research and projects. Meets two hours per week for the first 8 weeks of the spring semester.

NRS 560 Place-based Ecology I

4 credits
Cover plant and animal community ecology from both a qualitative and quantitative perspective. Topics will include: community interaction of plants and animals; community dynamics, succession, and disturbance; basic data collection and statistical analysis of habitat association data; and the effect of abiotic factors on community structure. (Fall only)

NRS 561 Ecological Inquiry for Environmental Educators

2 credits
Address basic ecological concepts and natural resource management issues in the local ecosystem. Emphasis will be placed on developing critical thinking skills and exploring the effects of resource management policy and actions. Course direction will involve moving from a “known facts” way of thinking into the realm of questioning and evaluating the effects of human management of the system. Offered at the McCall Field Campus. (Spring only)

NRS 562 Field Science Teaching

2 credits
Address basic natural history concepts for instructors involved in experiential environmental education with students 12 to 18 years old. Field activities, readings, and instructor modeling of teaching techniques will be included in the format of the course. The course will focus on how to engage each student to learn ecological principles and apply them in a field teaching setting. (Fall only)

NRS 563 Place Based Env. Education

4 credits
Educating students so that they have the skills and knowledge base in order to begin to understand the human and natural environment in which they live is a complicated endeavor. This course is designed to provide a foundation of educational pedagogy, a survey of place-based literature in areas critical to this educational endeavor, and opportunities for personal and professional application. (Fall only)

NRS 564 Teaching Environmental Education in a Winter Environment

2 credits
Address basic principles of ecology during winter. Emphasis will be placed on field experiences including principles of teaching in a winter environment, winter weather, and organism adaptation to winter. (Spring only)

NRS 565 Science Communication and the Environment

4 credits
Examines the flow of scientific information between experts and non-experts, with emphasis on educational settings. Project-based and includes practice in digital storytelling, documentary film, blogs, podcasts, public talks, and field experiences. McCall Field Campus. (Spring Only)

NRS 566 Place-based Ecology II

4 credits
Explore how plants and animals manage the unique survival challenges of winter. Delve into fundamentals of winter ecology including the changing snowpack, life under the ice, plants and animals in the winter environment and plant-animal interactions. The middle of the course addresses environmental change and interactions with winter ecology. At the end of the semester, the springtime environment will be used to study fundamental chemical and physical processes that drive the natural world emerging out of its apparent hibernation. Work outdoors to gain hands-on knowledge and practical experience. Field experiences will be fundamental in developing ecological understanding, with field trips to various locations to gain crucial insight into the natural world during the winter and spring seasons. Outdoor experience and learning will be complemented by lectures, group discussions, readings, and field experiments.

NRS 567 Environmental Education Teaching Practicum I

2 credits
The teaching practicum is an opportunity to improve teaching methods and techniques and expand professional skills under the guidance of mentors at a residential environmental learning center. Teaching in a residential environmental learning center consists of classroom lectures and demonstrations with groups up to 30, as well as field teaching groups of 8 to 10. (Fall only)

NRS 568 Environmental Education Teaching Practicum II

1-2 credits
The teaching practicum is an opportunity to improve teaching methods and techniques and expand professional skills under the guidance of mentors at a residential environmental learning center. Teaching in a residential environmental learning center consists of classroom lectures and demonstrations with groups up to 30, as well as field teaching groups of 8 to 10. (Spring only)

NRS 569 Environmental Education Teaching Practicum III

2 credits
The teaching practicum is an opportunity to improve teaching methods and techniques and expand professional skills under the guidance of Teton Science School staff. Teaching at the Teton Science School consists of classroom lectures and demonstrations with groups up to 30, as well as field teaching groups of 8 to 10. (Spring Only)

NRS 572 Human Dimensions of Restoration Ecology

3 credits
An in-depth investigation of multi dimensional human considerations, including economic, social, and cultural values and the role they play in maintaining, restoring, or sustaining ecosystems. Explores the major premise that projects designed for the restoration and sustainable management of ecosystems and associated resources must be ecologically sound, economically viable, and socially desirable to be successful. Web course. (Spring only)

NRS 573 Planning & Decision Making for Watershed Management

3 credits
Focus on ecological and human factors in process-oriented approaches to watershed analysis and planning for effective decision-making; emphasis on practical applications of current tools and approaches, e.g., GIS, MAU Theory, collaborative management. (Fall only)

NRS 574 Environmental Politics and Policy

3 credits
Political and institutional context for the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of U.S. environmental policy.

NRS 575 Leadership for the Environmental Educator

2 credits
Addresses basic outdoor leadership theory and practice for instructors involved with experiential environmental education with students 12 to 18 years old. Includes a backcountry trip, class work, instructor modeling, peer feedback and reflective practice. Focuses on the individual student’s understanding of leadership theory and ability to put theory into practice as a member of a community of learners. Offered at the McCall Field Campus. (Fall only)

NRS 580 Restoration Ecology Practicum

2 credits
Capstone experience in the Restoration Ecology Certificate Program. Students work independently to develop plan for implementing and assessing the success of ecological restoration; plan must synthesize literature, concepts, and challenges; plan shall be written with graphics and electronic submission for possible Internet publication.
Prereq: FOR 526 and REM 440 or Permission.

NRS 582 Natural Resource Policy

3 credits
Carries no credit after POLS 462. Political and institutional context for making natural resource policy; emphasis on interaction between private and public sectors and the federal, state, and tribal governments, including an examination of topical issues in natural resource politics.

NRS 585 Economics and Policy of Ecosystem Services

3 credits
Introduction to economic concepts and methods related to ecosystem services. Specific topics include the history of the ecosystem service framework, methods for valuing ecosystem services and market-based approaches for ecosystem service conservation. (Fall only)

NRS 591 Theories of Environmental Behavior

3 credits
Social science perspectives on attitudes and human behavior in relation to environmental concerns; pertinent psychological sociological and anthropological frameworks are explored. (Fall only)

NRS 592 Emerging Media Outreach in Natural Resources

3 credits
This course introduces students to basic media skills in photography, audio, video, microblogging, social media, content management, basic coding — and blog on a topic of their choice. Students also will explore and share their field experience through a variety of media, and will engage and examine social media uses for advertising, marketing and public relations outreach in natural resources.

NRS 593 PR and Communications in Natural Resource Management

3 credits
Key concepts, principles and practices of good public relations, clear communications, and proactive social marketing in the context of natural resource management; practical applications and skills development for increased effectiveness of resource management professionals through case studies and related exercises focused on communication skills, IT tools, media relations, social marketing, and public involvement.

NRS 597 (s) Practicum

Credit arranged
Graded P/F.
Prereq: Permission.

NRS 598 (s) Internship

Credit arranged
Prereq: Permission.

NRS 599 (s) Research

Credit arranged
Research not directly related to a thesis or dissertation.
Prereq: Permission.

NRS 600 Doctoral Research and Dissertation

Credit arranged
Prereq: Admission to the doctoral program in "natural resources" and permission of department.